Construction output growth fastest since Sept 2014

Construction output growth fastest since Sept 2014

May 2021

The recovery in UK construction output gained momentum in March, supported by robust rises in house building, commercial work, and civil engineering. This saw the IHS Markit/CIPS UK Construction PMI Total Activity Index register 61.7 in March, up sharply from 53.3 in February.

Adjusted for seasonal influences, the IHS Markit/CIPS UK Construction Total Activity Index registered 61.7 in March, up sharply from 53.3 in February.

The latest reading signalled the strongest rate of construction output growth since September 2014.

Housebuilding (index at 64.0) was the best-performing category, with growth the fastest since July 2020.

Strong increases in activity were also seen in commercial construction (62.7) and civil engineering (58.0) in March, with the index readings for both segments the highest since the second half of 2014.

Survey respondents often commented on the mobilisation of delayed projects, especially in areas such as hospitality, leisure, and office development.

There were again reports of a boost from major infrastructure projects in March, as well as higher workloads due to greater spending on residential construction work and rising new home sales.

Improving client demand and contract awards on projects that had been put on hold earlier in the pandemic contributed to a steep upturn in new orders during March.  Moreover, the rate of expansion accelerated to its fastest since September 2014.

Forthcoming new project starts spurred a solid rise in employment numbers, with the rate of job creation the strongest for over two years in March.  Construction companies also signalled a sharp increase in purchasing volumes in response to greater workloads.

The latest upturn in input buying was the steepest since November 2020.

Higher demand for construction products and materials contributed to longer wait times for deliveries by suppliers. 

Around 41% of the survey panel reported longer delivery times from suppliers in March, while only 1% saw an improvement.  Supply constraints and logistics issues were commonly reported by construction companies, especially for imported items.

Imbalanced demand and supply for construction inputs led to the steepest increase in purchasing prices since August 2008.  Survey respondents widely noted that suppliers had cited Brexit and COVID-19 as reasons for price hikes in March.

Meanwhile, the latest survey indicated a strong degree of confidence towards the year ahead outlook for construction activity.  Growth projections were the most upbeat since June 2015, reflecting confidence in the UK economic outlook, the improving pandemic situation and pent up demand.

IHS Markit comments
Tim Moore, Economics Director at IHS Markit, which compiles the survey, stated: "March data revealed a surge in UK construction output as the recovery broadened out from house building to commercial work and civil engineering.”

“Total activity expanded to the greatest extent for six-and-a-half years as residential spending remained robust, commercial projects restarted and infrastructure contract awards moved ahead,” continued Moore.

"Improving confidence among clients in the commercial segment was a key driver of growth, with development activity rebounding in sectors of the economy set to benefit the most from the improving pandemic situation.  The increasingly optimistic UK economic outlook has created a halo effect on construction demand and the perceived viability of new projects.“

"Constrained supplier capacity and stretched transport availability continued to pose challenges for the construction sector in March. Short supply of products and materials pushed up purchase prices at the fastest rate since August 2008.”

"Continued pressures on supply chains are expected in the near-term, but these concerns did little to dampen confidence about the business outlook,” concludes Moore.  “The latest survey pointed to the strongest growth projections across the UK construction sector since those reported during a post-election bounce back in June 2015."

The joys of Spring
Duncan Brock, Group Director at the Chartered Institute of Procurement & Supply, observed: "Construction was full of the joys of spring in March with a sudden leap into solid growth fuelled by across the board rises in workloads in all sectors.  The commercial pipeline was particularly spectacular giving its best performance since late-2014.”

"This upturn led to a significant boost in hiring levels with the fastest upturn in job creation since December 2018 offering a clear sign that companies are feeling more positive in planning for new builds and refurbishments of current properties.

"Business confidence was also standing tall with future optimism about the next 12 months the highest since June 2015 which suggests it is mostly plain sailing now that lockdowns are ending and vaccine programmes are underway,” he added.

“The unfortunate spanner in the works comes in the form of the steepest inflationary rise in raw materials and other construction items since August 2008 at the height of the last commodity price cycle.’

 Supply chains are still underperforming and almost half of the survey respondents said they had experienced longer delays and higher costs.”

“If this continues, it could easily cool the sector down a notch," noted Brock.

Call for a National Retrofit Strategy
Increased construction output in March is welcome but needs to be sustained with a long-term National Retrofit Strategy to green our homes if the Government is to hit its climate change targets, says the Federation of Master Builders (FMB) in response to the construction PMI data.

Brian Berry, Chief Executive of the FMB, said: “It’s welcome news to see construction activity recovering in March after a particularly difficult winter for many local builders.  Unfortunately, the premature closure of the Green Homes Grant Scheme last month has left many small builders in the repair, maintenance and improvement sector out of pocket.’

“If the Government is serious about achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2050, a long-term National Retrofit Strategy is needed that can support builders to install green measures at the scale and pace required, while also stimulating local economies and creating jobs.”

“The construction skills shortage must be addressed if we are to build back better and greener,” concluded Berry. 

“Training 71% of construction apprentices, local builders are key to this effort but the Government must bring forward their proposals for local skills plans and college business centres, so that builders are supported to train.”

Responding to the huge surge in activity revealed by the UK’s Construction PMI data, Gareth Belsham, director of the national property consultancy and surveyors Naismiths, commented: “The bounceback is turning into a boom.  The omens in February were good, as new orders began to pour in.  But March was the month when construction really put the pedal to the floor – and output is now surging across all sectors of the industry.”

“Housebuilding work spiked at the fastest rate seen since the record-breaking, gravity-defying jump of last summer.  The jump in commercial construction and infrastructure work wasn’t far behind, and is perhaps even more impressive given that these two typically struggle to keep pace with the red-hot residential sector.”

“In response to surging demand, building firms are tooling up – hiring people and buying materials – and the pace of job creation is now stronger than it has been for over two years.”

“The flipside of all this is a surge in materials prices. With demand far exceeding supply in many areas, cost pressures and wait times for key building materials are starting to build sharply.”

“As high streets prepare to reopen in England and Wales and the shackles of lockdown are slowly thrown off, the industry is steeling itself for the release of many months of pent-up demand.”

“No wonder optimism among builders is higher than it has been for nearly six years. So far there’s still no sense of the longevity of this boom. But the industry is taking the Prime Minister’s instruction to ‘build build build’ very literally.”

About this survey
The IHS Markit /CIPS UK Construction PMI is compiled by IHS Markit from responses to questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in a panel of around 150 construction companies.

The panel is stratified by company workforce size, based on contributions to GDP. Survey responses are collected in the second half of each month and indicate the direction of change compared to the previous month.  A diffusion index is calculated for each survey variable.  The index is the sum of the percentage of ‘higher’ responses and half the percentage of ‘unchanged’ responses.

The indices vary between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease.  The indices are then seasonally adjusted.

The headline figure is the Total Activity Index. This is a diffusion index that tracks changes in the total volume of construction activity compared with one month previously. The Total Activity Index is comparable to the Manufacturing Output Index and Services Business Activity Index.  March data were collected between 12th to 30th March 2021.  For further information on the PMI survey methodology, please contact:

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